For this week you are expected to have read and learned the material in Chapter 2 of your textbook. Please use care in your activities and work this week to refer to your textbook and other scholarly sources where appropriate.
Check your understanding of Systematic Attention to Health Care Disparities
Learning Objectives: Chapter 2
Identify the difference between health care disparities that are inequitable and those that are not
Describe data and data sources for describing health care disparities
What roles do the public, private, and philanthropic sectors play as they pertain to reducing health care disparities
Discuss how legislation, accreditation, and advocacy are mobilizing action to reduce disparities
Explain how data, evidence-based health care, cultural competence, and comparative effectiveness research are all part of a systems approach to reducing disparities
Resource: Dreachslin, J.L., Gilbert, M.J., & Malone, B. (2013). Diversity and cultural competence in health care. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishing Company.
- Comparative effectiveness research: research that assesses the efficacy of different treatments for the same disease or disorder.
- Demographic data sets: Data programs used by healthcare organizations to record important characteristics of their patients, both individually and collectively.
- Epidemiology: the study of the onset, course, outcomes, incidence, and prevalence of diseases and disorders in populations.
- Evidence-based medicine: medical treatment that is based on scientifically and clinically proven efficacy.
- Genetic risk: risks for disease or drug response based on inherited biological factors.
- Inequitable health care disparities: difference in health access and status that are the result of discrimination, neglect, or socioeconomic variation.
- Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010: The principal health care reform that expands health insurance to millions of Americans and contains specific measures to reduce disparities related to race and ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation.
- Social determinants of health: factors such as marginalized living conditions, the environment, education, and literacy that affect health status